Travel in Siberia

Krasnoyarsk Territory

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The following tours are provided in this region:

  • Excursion-ethnographical tour "The Great Sayan Ring"
  • Excursion-ethnographical tour "The Mysteries Of Sayan Ring"
  • Active-excursion tour "Sayan Expanses"
  • Krasnoyarsk Territory on the map


     

    Krasnoyarsk Krai (Russian: Красноярский край, tr. Krasnoyarsky kray) is a federal subject of Russia (a krai). It is the second largest federal subject after the Sakha Republic, and Russia's largest krai, occupying an area of 2,339,700 square kilometres (903,400 sq mi), which is 13% of the country's total territory. The administrative center of the krai is the city of Krasnoyarsk.

    Geography

    The krai lies in the middle of Siberia, and belongs to the Siberian Federal District, stretching 3,000 km from the Sayan Mountains on the south along the Yenisei River to the Taymyr Peninsula in the north. It shares borders with Tyumen, Tomsk, Irkutsk, and Kemerovo oblasts, the Khakass, Tyva, and Sakha republics, and the Kara Sea and Laptev Sea of the Arctic Ocean on the north.

    The krai is located in the basin of the Arctic Ocean; a great number of rivers that flow through the krai all drain into it eventually. The main rivers of the krai are the Yenisei, and its tributaries (from south to north): the Kan, the Angara, the Podkamennaya Tunguska, and Nizhnyaya Tunguska.

    There are also several thousand lakes in the krai. The largest lakes include Beloye, Belyo, Glubokoye, Itat, Khantayskoye, Labas, Lama, Pyasina, Taymyr, and Yessey. The rivers and lakes are rich with fish.

    The climate is strongly continental with large temperature variations during the year. For the central and southern regions where most of the krai's population lives, long winters and short, hot summers are characteristic. The territory of Krasnoyarsk krai experiences conditions of three climate belts: Arctic, Subarctic, and moderate. While in the north there are less than 40 days with temperature higher than 10 °C (50 °F), in the south there are 110–120 such days.

    The average temperature in January is −36 °C (−33 °F) in the north and −18 °C (−0 °F) in the south. The average temperature in July is 10 °C (50 °F) in the north and 20 °C (68 °F) in the south. The annual precipitation is 316 millimetres (12.4 in) (up to 1,200 millimetres (47 in) in foothills of the Sayan Mountains). Snow covers the central regions of the krai from early November until late March. The peaks of the Sayans higher than 2,400–2,600 m and those of the Putorana Plateau higher than 1,000–1,300 m are covered with permanent snow. Permafrost is widespread, especially in the north.

    The highest point of the krai is Grandiozny Peak in the East Sayan Mountains at an elevation of 2,922 metres (9,587 ft).

    History

    According to archeologists the territory of Siberia was settled around 40,000 BC. The grave-mounds and monuments of the Scythian culture in Krasnoyarsk Kray belong to the 7th century BCE and are ones of the oldest in Eurasia. Among other things a prince's grave Kurgan Arshan exposed in 2001 is known.

    The Russian settlement of the area (by Cossacks mostly) began in the 17th century. After the construction of the Trans-Siberian Railroad the Russian colonisation of the area strongly increased.

    During both the Tsarist and the Bolsheviks' regimes the territory of Krasnoyarsk Krai was used as a place of exile of political enemies of current government. The first leaders of the Soviet state Vladimir Lenin and Joseph Stalin were in exile on the territory of the nowadays krai in 1897–1900 and in 1903 respectively. In Stalin's era numerous Gulag camps were in the region.

    In 1822, the Yenisei Governorate (Yeniseyskaya guberniya) was created with Krasnoyarsk as its administrative centre that covered the territory very close to the one of the current krai.

    On June 30, 1908, in the basin of the Podkamennaya Tunguska river, there occurred a powerful explosion most likely to have been caused by the air burst of a large meteoroid or comet fragment at an altitude of 5–10 kilometres (3–6 miles) above Earth's surface. The force of the explosion is estimated to be about 10–15 megatons. It flattened more than 2,000 square kilometres (500,000 acres) of pine forest and killed thousands of reindeer.

    Kransnoyark Krai was created in 1934 after disaggregation of West Siberian and East Siberian Krais and then included Taymyr and Evenk Autonomous Okrugs and Khakasiya Autonomous Oblast. In 1991, Khakassia separated from the krai and became a republic within the Russian Federation.

    On January 1, 2007, following a referendum on the issue held on April 17, 2005, territories of Evenk and Taymyr Autonomous Okrugs were merged into the krai.

    Tourism

    The Krasnoyarsk Territory is stretched 3 km along one of the largest Siberian Rivers the Yenisei. The territory is positioned on the very geographical Russia’s centre.

    The territory’s elongation determines landscape variety. If have a trip through the region, then see both steppe, and taiga, and cold desert, and arctic desert, and enjoy birds flight, and see a bear, and have a ride on a north deer, and get acquainted with the natives' lifestyle and have a bath in the sun, in several days.

    There a lot of picturesque places in the region. The Sayan crests with snowed tops and fantastic knaps, dark leafy forests of the Buybinsky gorges, and sublime happy ground of the Angara are stretched for almost a thousand km away Polar regions landscaped and Khakas steppes scope are unique by itself. The Krasnoyarsk outskirts are bright and picturesque. Red topped marel mountains jads go up north from the city. Sayan crest burgs are stretched on the right bank of the Yenisei. The Black bald mountains conic-shaped jad rises up high west from Krasnoyarsk. A score of km far are situated Camels knaps and behind them is a cliff Mongolian tent with a 11meter depth reservoir on the top. Gloomy Takmak blackens above woody mountains south-west form the city. The Mansky mountains prospect is viewed from a highway on a stony sleep slope of the left bank.

    Sobakins abutment is not far off; there are several caves a km far. Behind the ancient Ovsyanka there is the mouth of a cold and cataracted Mana, the Biryusinsky cliffs and famous caves inside, which used to be a home for an early man many centuries ago, are behind it. Then there run up shaly Fingers and rocky towers, called Cossacks burgs.

    A state natural reserve Stoops is a unique monument, a part of the Eastern Sayan Mountains. It is located behind the first ridge of the Sayan crest. There are a lot of books about the Stoops, they inspired many artists and poets, many fates are connected with them. Outstanding alpinists and cragsmen were brought up here. Due to the reserve Krasnoyarsk is worlds known.

    Rock cliffs tower here in the middle of taiga on the territory of forty seven thousands ha. There are about 100 of them. Aspired up rocky giants are comers from the underground pinky-brown crystalline rocks. Some of them raise above the ground for 100 m. Rains, winds, frosts and the sun carved out of wild stone peculiar shapes for million of years. People named them Old man, Big Erne, Lions Gates, Feathers, Vulture and other. The reserves nature is beautiful. Viewing points give a great prospect: laced needlepoint of birch-trees, wild ashes carved leaves, majestic cliffs, conifer forest covered bald mountains. Huge, riven with lightings larches and strong cedars tincture special peculiarity to the region. Incredibly beautiful flowers grow down the slopes and rivers valleys: forget-me-nots, rosebays, milk thistles.

    And here greets the look an enormous pyramid. Its name is The First Stoop. It is accessible even for beginners, except for certain places. But to learn rock-climbing, start with A Little Elephant. This rock is located at the foot of the First Stoops and is always fastened with boys and girls of all age. If you managed to climb A Little Elephants back, despite its polished sides, then other rocks are within your grasp.

    A view over the biggest in the reserve and a bit gloomy rock The Second Stoop - is open from the First Stoop. This rock is for experienced climbers. But the Fourth Stoop is easy for everyone. The Stoopers (this is the name for climbers, who became closely linked with the reserve) invite visitors to climb this stoop any season. It gives a spectacular view: rocky cliffs tower up like islands in a rough taiga sea.

    There is another reserve in the Sayan Mountains Sayano-Shushensky. Avocational tourism is also well developed here.

    3-4 KC routes on foot have become wide spread in the region. For instance, routes from the Sayans to Baikal are very popular. The crest Kryzhin, Manskoe, Kanskoe white-mountains, the Munuk-Sardyk jad, the peaks Grandioznyj (Grand), Topographs, extinct volcanoes Kropotkins and Peretolgins are very famous among rocky tourists.

    3-4 KC ski routes cover all the Sayans territory. The best season for routes is March-the Middle of April. Mountain skiers expeditions come to the Sayans every summer as well.

    Majority of water routes go through the Kazar, Gutara, Us, Mana rivers. The routes across the lakes of the Todzhinskaya hollow, the lakes (Kara-Khol. Syut-Khol, Mozharskoe) of the Kruahin crests western slopes are rather exciting as well.

    Badzhejskaya, Kubinskaya and Oreshskaya caves are the most attractive for speleological tourism.

    Horse tourism gains popularity.

    The Yenisei is the pride of the Krasnoyarsk region. It is the most affluent river in Russia. It is fishy with salmon and taimen, humpback and sturgeon, starlet and trout. With its wonderful banks it is remarkably plentiful and beautiful.

    You will be offered excursions down the Yenisei in regions cities. This is a unique opportunity to get acquainted with grand Siberian nature, to cross the region north to south (from the Sayans to Taymyr), to visit famous cities and villages on the Yeniseis banks: Yeniseisk, Vorogovo, Turukhansk; to cross rifts: Kazachinsky and Osinovsky - Yeniseis famous cheeks; to see the mouth of the Stony Tunguska, in the basin of which is the Tungussky meteoritic stone water impact; to cross the polar circle. You can also visit the polar regions cities: Igarka with an only of its kind Deep Frozen Soil Museum and Dudinka the centre of the Taymar AD.

    Traveling through the region, you will vainly look for comparisons, as its beauty is nothing to be compared to, and will many a time recall the words of a wise man: What for are we searching for our eyes treasures in foreign far lands, if we can see here at our arms and eyes"

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